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Aspects of Law and Ethics Related to Technology

Some research projects that ALERT members are/were involved in:

  • The Advanced Digital Medical Platform (ADIMEP) project

    Duration: January 2014 - December 2019
    Project lead by researchers at Middlesex University with partners at Brunel University and the University of Cambridge. Dr. Carlisle George and Dr. Glendford Mapp are among ALERT members involved in this project.

    The ADIMEP project  brings together various technologies to monitor and manage many health challenges such as chronic diseases that affect large sections of populations and threaten to overwhelm healthcare services.  The platform will enable patient data to be collected from body sensors or patients will be able to upload medical data (e.g. blood pressure readings) using home devices. This data will be securely stored on cloud servers for access by various types of users (e.g. medical staff, researchers). The project consists of a number of ongoing PhD research studies intended to contribute towards the overall functionality of ADIMEP.


  • VALCRI - Visual Analytics for Sense-making in CRiminal Intelligence analysis

    EU Funded Project: THEME: 10 SECURITY, FP7-SEC-2013-1
    Duration: May 2014 - May 2018
    Project led by Professor William Wong at Middlesex University. Dr Carlisle George (Legal aspects) & Dr Penny Duquenoy (Ethics) are among ALERT members on the Middlesex Project team.

    Project partners: Middlesex University(UK);  Space Applications Services (Belgium); Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (USA); University of Konstanz (Germany); Linkoping University (Sweden); City University London (UK); Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium); AE Solutions (UK); Technische Universitat Graz (Austria); Fraunhofer Institute for Digital Media Technology (Germany); Technische Universitat Wien (Austria); Object Security (UK); Unabhängiges Landeszentrum für Datenschutz (Germany); i-Intelligence (Switzerland); Exipple (Spain); West Midlands Police Force (UK); Lokale Politie Antwerpen (Belgium); Federale gerechtelijke politie Antwerpen Noordersingel (Belgium).

    The purpose of this project is to develop VALCRI, a new system prototype for information exploitation by intelligence analysts working in law enforcement agencies (LEAs). One of the key problems is to  ‘connect the dots’ or to quickly find the few pieces of information from a large dataset and to piece them together so that the conclusion makes sense and can be justified. Much of this process is presently very labour intensive and inefficient. When completed VALCRI will integrate advanced and powerful data analytic software for automated extraction of meaningful information and related text. documents, images and video, and for detecting signatures or patterns across multi-dimensional data that provide early warning or triggers of impending criminal or terrorist action

  • SAMi2 - Semantics Analysis Monitor for Illegal Use of the Internet

    EU project funded by the European Directorate General for Internal Affairs in the
      framework of the Programme for the Prevention of / and Combating Crime in 2012.
      Duration: January 2014 - January 2016.

Project partners:  HI Iberia (Spain) – coordinates the activities of the consortium and leads the design and implementation activities: Middlesex University (Dr Carlisle George – Legal matters & Dr Penny Duquenoy – Ethics) and the Municipal Police Madrid (end-user)

SAMi2 aims to prevent and detect illegal content or activities and therefore plan the appropriate response actions, using the information available on social networks. In order to be more effective and less time consuming, the system will offer SAMi2 analysis and correlation of data from heterogeneous flows freely accessible content on the Internet (eg, Twitter, Facebook or other forums). Scenarios of use of the system may be the detection of illegal content (offensive material for children), crime prevention (attacks on people or infrastructure) or the use of information for forensic purposes.

  • EAHC Study - Electronic Health Records

EU Project funded by the European Executive Agency for Health and Consumers (EAHC) for a study focusing on “An overview of the national laws on electronic health records in the EU Member States and their interaction with the provision of cross-border eHealth services”. (Project No. 1591.13).
Duration: January 2014 - July 2014.

Project Partners: Milieu Ltd (Belgium), time.lex (Belgium). Dr Carlisle George, legal adviser and UK national expert.


The objectives of the study are (i) to identify and examine the national laws of the 28 Member States and Norway and identify legal barriers for cross-border transfer data from electronic health records (EHRs) and ePrescriptions, and for the provision of cross-border eHealth services; and (ii) to make recommendations to the eHealth Network on how national laws and the European framework must evolve to support cross-border eHealth services.

  • VALO - ECQA Valorisation Expert Training and Certification
    Project funded by Leonardo da Vinci - Transfer of Innovation Programme
    Duration: Oct 2011 - Sept 2013
    Ms Elli Georgiadou, Dr Geetha Abeysinghe, Dr Mohamed Sheriff, Dr Carlisle George with co-partners from Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, FH JOANNEUM Gesselschaft mbH., University of Vaasa, International Software Consulting Network, Thessaloniki Chamber Of Commerce And Industry, Institute of Vocational Training THERMI

    The general aims and objectives of the project are to create a new certified Valorisation Expert profession adding to the 18 existing certifications in the European Certification and Qualification Association (ECQA) (www.ecqa.org). The project's objectives are to: (i) develop an online accredited programme of study for the job role of a Valorisation Expert; (ii) pilot the programme in participating organisations/member states of the project partners; (iii) refine the programme based on systematic feedback; (iv) disseminate project results via a range of channels, including a major European conference; (v) ensure the self-valorisation and sustainability of the project and its outputs through the ECQA and other bodies.

  • Privacy Sensitive Architecture for Psychiatric Behaviour Monitoring System
    Project funded by the Malaysian Government
    Duration: January 2011 - March 2013
    Dr. Nasriah Zakaria, Professor Madya Putra Sumari, Puan Norlia Mustaffa, Dr. Rusyainie Ramli, Puan Rusyaizila Ramli  - Universiti Sains Malaysia
    Dr Carlisle George (Co-Researcher & Legal Expert/Adviser).

    This project focuses on developing privacy management systems embedded in psychiatric monitoring systems in a Malaysian setting. The research objectives are: 
    (i) To elicit privacy concerns from Malaysian patients, family and friends when
     patients are admitted to a psychiatric ward in an effort to analyze their privacy
     preferences based on their needs and to help them protect their privacy.
    (ii) To propose a privacy-sensitive architecture for psychiatric monitoring system
     based on Malaysia’s privacy policies and guidelines.

  • EGAIS - The Ethical GovernAnce of emergIng technologieS
    EU FP7 Project No: SIS7-CT-2009-230291
    Duraton: May 2009 - January 2012
    Dr Penny Duquenoy (partner)

    The EGAIS project is a 3 year project funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme (Science and Society) taking an interdisciplinary approach (philosophy, organisation science, technology and information science) to integrating ethical considerations within technical development projects through governance mechanisms. The aim of the EGAIS project is to provide new analysis, assessment and governance guidelines for the ethical consideration of emerging technologies and their applications. It aims to provide to the stakeholders in general guidance towards a coherent and cohesive approach to the integration of ethical consideration within projects that begins with the proposal design and continues throughout the project. The EGAIS project is coordinated by the Universita Cattolica’s Research Centre on Innovation, Technologies and Financial Services (CeTIF), Italy, and is supported by academic partners from: Middlesex University (United Kingdom); Facultes Universitaires Notre Dame de la Paix, Namur (Belgium); Institut Catholique des Arts et Métiers (France); Institute of Information Science (Slovenia).

  • ISIS - Protecting children in online social networks
    EPSRC Project No: EP/F035454/1

    Duration: June 2008 - May 2011

    Dr Penny Duquenoy (partner)

    The aim of the ISIS project is to develop an ethics-centred monitoring framework and tools for supporting law enforcement agencies in policing online social networks for the purpose of protecting children. The project will develop natural language analysis techniques to help identify paedophiles from chat logs and monitoring mechanisms that can be non-invasively attached to file sharing systems for identifying the distributors of child abuse media. The ethical issues associated with such monitoring activities will be rigorously studied and consistently fed back into the development of the framework and tools. The project results will be used and evaluated by the Child Exploitation and Online Protection (CEOP) centre as part of their own policing activities.

    3 year project with partners from Lancaster University, Swansea University and CEOP.
    Combined award (£735,400)

  • Information Law Project
    Collaborative Project
    with Dr Bostjan Bercic of the Institute for Economics, Law and Informatics (Slovenia)
    Duration: Ongoing
    Dr Carlisle George

    Current work is focused on three broad areas namely:

    (a) Investigating the application of database theory to data protection;

    (b) Investigating issues related to the collection & processing of personal data in the provision
         of medical services;
    (c) Investigating the mapping of legal notions from information law (e.g. personal data,
         defamation etc.) to their underlying intangible semantic forms (notions from areas of
         information science and knowledge management) to gain insights into the connection
         between law and information science / knowledge management.
  • ARMQA: Internal Quality Assurance for Armenian HEIs
    EU Tempus programme Project
    Duration: Sept 2007 -  August 2009
    Elli Georgiadou (partner)

    The overarching objective of this Tempus project ARMQA (Internal Quality Assurance for Armenian HEIs) is to bring university management culture and practice in Armenia in accordance to the internationally recognised standards, address university management process in general and in particular the issue of internal quality assurance (IQA), allowing the creation of the IQA system, its constant monitoring and further enhancement aimed at providing quality education.

  • Ethicbots Project (Emerging Technoethics of Human Interaction with Communication, Bionic and Robotic Systems).
    EU funded Project.
    Duration: November 2005 - 2008.
    Dr Penny Duquenoy working with with Dr Satinder Gill, Dr Chris Huyck, and Prof Steve Torrance at Middlesex University and also other partners throughout Europe.

ETHICBOTS project objectives - to promote and coordinate a multidisciplinary group of researchers into artificial intelligence, robotics, anthropology, moral philosophy, philosophy of science, psychology, and cognitive science, with the common purpose of identifying and analyzing techno-ethical issues concerning the integration of human beings and artificial (software/hardware) entities

  • Case Studies of IPRs in International e-Learning Programmes
    Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE)
    Duration:  Oct 2004 - Jan 2005
    Prof. Paul Bacsich, Walaa Bakry,
    Penny Duquenoy, Carlisle George, Gordon Davies, John Weldon.

    The Middlesex IPR Case study was one of five separate case studies funded to investigate intellectual property rights (IPR) issues. Each study investigated how IPRs are handled in international e-Learning programmes involving one or more UK universities working in association with international partners, collaborators or customers. The study was coordinated by Intrallect and was carried out on behalf of the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) in partnership with Universities UK (UUK) and the Standing Conference of Principals (SCOP).

Research supervision

  • Members of ALERT are actively involved in supervising research degrees. Please see individual staff member profiles for more information and contact details.