Bob Fields' Papers on HCI and CSCW

Most of these papers are downlaodable in PDF format. If any of the links to downloadable versions fail to work, please let me know.

2007 -- 2006 -- 2005 -- 2004 --2003-- 2002-- 2001-- 2000-- 1999-- 1998-- 1997-- 1996-- 1995-- 1994-- Pre-1994


Fields, B. , Amaldi, P., Wong, W., Gill, S. (2007) Editorial: In-use, In-situ: Extending Field Research Methods. International Journal of Human Computer Interaction. 22(1):1-6.

Blandford, A., Keith, S. Butterworth, R., Fields, B. & Furniss, D. (2007) Disrupting Digital Library Development with Scenario Informed Design. Interacting with Computers Journal. 19(1):70-82.

Stelmaszewska, H., Fields, B., Blandford, A. (in press, 2007) Evaluating user experience of using camera phones in social contexts. Chapter in Handbook of Research on User Interface Design and Evaluation for Mobile Technology.


Rozzi, S., Woodward, P., Amaldi, P., Fields, B., Wong, W., (2006) Evaluating Combined 2D/3D Displays for ATC. Proceedings EUROCONTROL Innovative Research Workshop 2006. Pages 167-174.

Davis Perkins, V., Butterworth, R., Fields, B., Curzon, P. (2006) Representation of the National Memory: digitising historical photograph collections in the UK. Performance Research: A Journal of the Performing Arts 11(4).

Blandford, A., Keith, S. & Fields, B. (2006) Claims Analysis ‘in the wild’: a case study on Digital Library development. International Journal of Human Computer Interaction 21(2):197-218.

Rozzi, S., Wong, W., Woodward, P., Amaldi, P., Fields, B., et al. Developing Visualizations to support Spatial-Temporal Reasoning in ATC. Proceedings ICRAT 2006: International Conference on Research in Air Transport. Pages 211-220.

Stelmaszewska, H., Fields, B., Blandford, A. (2006) Camera phone use in social context. Proceedings HCI 2006 Vol 2. Pages 88-92.

Jagne, J., Atakan-Smith, S., Fields, B., and Curzon, P. (2006) Integrating social and cultural variances into international eCommerce interface design. Proceedings HCI 2006 Vol 2. Pages 84-87.

Wong, B.L.W., Rozzi,, S., Amaldi, P., Woodward, P., and Fields, B. (2006) A framework for considering spatial-temporal representation design in air traffic control Proceedings HFES.


Fields, B., Amaldi, P., and Tassi, A. (2005) Representing Collaborative Work: The Airport as Common Information Space. Cognition, Technology and Work (to appear). PDF version of an earlier draft.

Davis-Perkins, V., Butterworth, R., Curzon, P. and Fields, B. (2005). A study into the effect of digitisation projects on the management and stability of historic photograph collections. ECDL: European Conference on Digital Libraries (to appear).


Designing for Expert Information Finding Strategies. B. Fields, S. Keith and A. Blandford. Proceedings BCS HCI 2004.

A Cognitive Framework for the Specifications of a Laparoscopic Surgery Simulator. S. Rehman, P. Passmore and B. Fields. Poster presented at HCI'04.

Development of a Cognitive Task Analysis Protocol for Laparoscopic Surgery S. Rehman, P. Passmore, B. Fields. Proceedings, ECCE 12, 2004.

Conceptualising User Hedonic Experience. H. Stelmaszewska, B. Fields and A. Blandford. Proceedings, ECCE 12, 2004.

Why are videogames engaging? Determining what we mean by ‘fun’ with a Grounded Theory approach. J. Salisbury and B. Fields. Proceedings, ECCE 12, 2004.


Usability Evaluation of Digital Libraries. A. Blandford, B. Fields and S. Keith. Tutorial presented at ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, 2003 and at ECDL, the Eoropean Conference on Digital Libraries, 2003.

Representing collaborative work in a critical domain. B. Fields and P. Amaldi. Proceedings HCP2003: Human Centred Processes - Distributed decision making and man-machine cooperation.



THEA – A Reference Guide. Steven Pocock, Bob Fields, Michael Harrison, Peter Wright. University of York Computer Science Technical Report 336, 2001.

Analysis of Erroniour Actions in the Design of Critical Systems. R. Fields. DPhil thesis. University of York, 2001.

Dynamic Digital Libraries For Children. Proceedings of JCDL 2001, The First ACM+IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries


Function Allocation: A perspective from studies of work practice (draft PDF version). P. Wright, A. Dearden, R. Fields. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 52(2): 335-356, 2000.

Analysing Human-Computer Interaction As Distributed Cognition: The Resources Model (Draft PDF version)  P. Wright, R. Fields, M. Harrison.  Human Computer Interaction journal 51(1):1-41, 2000.

Editorial: Understanding work and Designing Artefacts. R. Fields and P. Wright. Int. J of Human-Computer Studies 53:1-4, 2000.


A Case Study in the Specification and Analysis of Design Alternatives for a User Interface (David Duke, Bob Fields and Michael D. Harrison). Formal Aspects of Computing journal 11:107-131 (1999). Draft PDF version.

A method for the comparison of design options for allocating communication media in a cooperative and  safety-critical context.  R. Fields, F. Paternò, C. Santoro, S. Tahmassebi ACM Transactions in Computer-Human Interaction  6(4), 1999.

Air traffic control as distributed joint activity: Using Clark's theory of language to understand collaborative working in ATC, C. Fairburn, P. Wright & R. Fields, Proceedings, European Conference on Cognitive Science, Siena, 27th-30th October 1999.  See Chris Fairburn's Work Page.

Supporting interaction strategies through the externalisation of strategy concepts.  A. Cockayne, P. Wright, B. Fields. Proceedings of Interact’99.


Air traffic control as a distributed cognitive system: a study of external representation. R.E. Fields, P.C. Wright, P. Marti, M. Palmonari. ECCE-9, 1998.

Practice and prescription of work on the flight deck. P. Wright, S. Pocock, B. Fields. ECCE-9, 1998.

Error tolerance in collaborative systems  B. Fields. Mefisto project working document, January, 1998.

Inference and information resources: a design case study R. Fields, N. Merriam. Proceedings  DSVIS'98.


Objectives, strategies and resources as design drivers B. Fields, P. Wright and M. Harrison. In S, Howard, J. Hammond, G. Lindgaard Eds. Human-Computer Interaction INTERACT'97, pp 164-171. Chapman and Hall, 1997.

Human Error Recontextualised Sidney Dekker, Bob Fields, Peter Wright. Workshop on Human Error and Systems Development. Glasgow, March 1997.

THEA: Human error analysis for requirements definition.  Bob Fields, Peter Wright,  and Michael Harrison. University of York Computer Science Technical Report 294, 1997.

DMVIS: Design, Modelling and Validation of Interactive Systems Bob Fields, Nick Merriam and Andy Dearden. Proceedings DSVIS-97, Springer.

Modelling in Action: Reports from the DSVIS'97 working groups R.E. Fields and N.A. Merriam. Proceedings DSVIS-97, Springer.

Supporting concepts of operator control in the design of functionally distributed systems. M.D. Harrison, R.E. Fields and P.C. Wright. Proceedings of ALLFN'97, Galway, October 1997.

A conceptual framework for scenario-based enquiry. M.D. Harrison, R. Fields, and P.C. Wright. Proceedings, Workshop on Representations in Interactive Software Development, Queen Mary and Westfield College, London. 2-4 July, 1997.

From formal models to empirical evaluation and back again Pete Wright, Nick Merriam and Bob Fields. In Formal Methods in HCI, Paterno and Palanque (eds). Springer.


Distributed Information Resources: An New Approach to Interaction Modelling Peter Wright, Bob Fields and Michael Harrison. ECCE8: European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics, Granada, Sept 1996.

Designing Human-System Interaction Using The Resource Model Bob Fields, Peter Wright and Michael Harrison. APCHI'96: Asia-Pacific Conference on Human Computer Interaction, Singapore, June 1996.


A Task Centered Approach to Analysing Human Error Tolerance Requirements Bob Fields, Peter Wright and Michael Harrison. Proceedings of RE'95 - Second IEEE International Symposium on Requirements Engineering. York, 1995. Copyright IEEE, 1995.

Analysis of Safety Requirements in the Context of System Faults and Human Errors Rogerio de Lemos, Bob Fields and Amer Saeed. Proc. International Symposium and Workshop on Systems Engineering of Computer Based Systems. March 6-9, 1995, Tucson, Az.

Exploring Design Options Rationally Chris Bramwell, Bob Fields and Michael Harrison. DSV-IS'95: 2nd Eurographics Workshop on the Design Specification and Verification of Interactive Systems. Toulouse, June, 1995.

Time, Tasks and Errors Bob Fields, Peter Wright and Michael Harrison. Workshop on On Time And User Interface Design. Thursday 6th July 1995, Glasgow. (Appeared in SIGCHI Bulletin Vol.28 No.2, April 1996). There's also a Postscript version

Formal Specification and Evaluation of Interactive Systems. Bob Fields, Peter Wright and Michael Harrison. Position paper for CHI'95 Workshop on Formal Specification of Interactive Systems.

Reasoning About Communication Requirements Using a Spreadsheet Bob Fields, Peter Wright and Michael Harrison Notes for a talk at a workshop on Interfacing People: Effective Support for Work Groups, London, September 1995.

From Environment Descriptions to Agent-Based Specifications: an Aircraft Warnings Case Study. Bob Fields, Peter Wright and Michael Harrison. Unpublished.


Modelling Interactive Systems and Providing Task Relevant Information Bob Fields Peter Wright and Michael Harrison. Proceedings, DSV-IS'94: Eurographics Workshop on the Design, Specification and Verification of Interactive Systems, Bocca di Magra, Italy, 1994. Eurographics Seminar Series. Fabio Paternò, editor. Springer-Verlag.

Deriving Human-Error Tolerance Requirements from Tasks Peter Wright, Bob Fields and Michael Harrison. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Requirements Engineering, Colorado, 1994. Copyright IEEE, 1994.

Applying Formal Methods for Human Error Tolerant Design Bob Fields, Michael Harrison and Peter Wright. Proceedings, Workshop on Software Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction at ICSE'94, Sorrento, 1994 LNCS 896. Copyright Springer-Verlag, 1995.

From informal requirements to agent-based specification: an aircraft warnings case study (extended abstract) Bob Fields Peter Wright and Michael Harrison. ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 26(2):65-68, 1994.

An Extended VDM Refinement Relation by M. Elvang-Gøransson and R.E. Fields Proceedings of FME'94: Industrial Benefit of Formal Methods. M. Naftalin, T. Denvir and M. Bertran (eds). LNCS 873, Springer.




A VDM case study in mural, Bob Fields and Morten Elvang-Gøransson. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering 18(4): 279-295. 1992.

A guide to reading VDM specifications B. Fields, Univ. of Manchester Tech. Rept. UMCS-92-12-4. 1992.

Improving a Software Development Environment Using Object-Oriented Technology. M.A. Firth, M.H. O'Docherty, R.E. Fields, S.K. Bechhofer and T.C. Nash. In B. Meyer (ed) Proceedings TOOLS USA'92, Santa Barbara.

An Abstract Syntax for the C Language, B. Fields, Journal of C Language Translation 4(1):42-52, Sept 1992 

Bob Fields